The Arctic is the region most affected by climate change. It’s getting warmer, and the perennial ice is not just melting; it’s at risk of disappearing completely. An Arctic without ice will have serious consequences for the entire planet. Yet, the Arctic is the region about which scientists have the least data regarding climate change.
In the Arctic, air temperatures have risen by 3°C over the past 43 years. This is a more significant temperature increase than in any other region of the world. Predictions about the consequences of climate change are contingent on many factors that until now have been scarcely researched. That is why it is challenging to anticipate the future development of climate change in the Arctic. One thing is certain, though: changing climate systems are causing the ice in the Arctic to disappear at an ever-accelerating rate.
The researchers of the MOSAiC mission had a crucial research goal in mind when they embarked on the mission to the Arctic. The insights from the MOSAiC mission’s data are intended to help fill this knowledge gap. All collected data has been published and is freely available to people all around the world. Researchers worldwide can use the gathered data to gain more insights into climate change. The goal is to enable science-based decisions on climate change at the political level.
From the air, on the ice, and in the water, various research teams of the MOSAiC mission have collected data. Using satellites, laser measurements, drilling, remotely operated vehicles, and buoys, researchers unveil the secrets of the Arctic in the researchers’ camps.
Various methods were employed in Arctic climate research to collect data. The researchers sought answers to questions about how the climate is changing and how humans contribute to it. They hope to predict how the climate will change in the future. The research teams investigated snow, ice, and the water surface. However, the research mission is not limited to this: Measurements were collected over 4000 meters in the depths of the polar sea and more than 36,000 meters high in the atmosphere.